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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

 April 24

1800 … Library of Congress established.

Library of Congress

“Let us dare to read, think, speak and write.”

~  John Adams

“I cannot live without books.”

 ~ Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, June 10, 1815

     

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

 April 23

1635 … Boston Latin (1st Public School in the U.S.) founded in Boston.

“Education, then, beyond all other devices of human origin, is the great equalizer of the conditions of men, the balance-wheel of the social machinery.”

Horace Mann ~ Horace Mann, U.S. educator, the first great American advocate of public education.

     

 

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

 April 22

1724 … Immanuel Kant born

1950 … Peter Frampton born

 

“Enlightenment is man’s leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one’s intelligence without the guidance of another. Such immaturity is self-caused if it is not caused by lack of intelligence, but by lack of determination and courage to use one’s intelligence without being guided by another. Sapere Aude! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! is therefore the motto of the enlightenment.”

Immanuel Kant
 ~ Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason

 

“You never give up, because you just never know what will happen.”

frampton ~Peter Frampton

Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

April 21

~ 753 bce ~The Capitoline Wolf

Founding of Rome.

“Our ancestors were savages. The story of Romulus and Remus being suckled by a wolf is not a meaningless fable. The founders of every state which has risen to eminence have drawn their nourishment and vigor from a similar wild source. It was because the children of the Empire were not suckled by the wolf that they were conquered and displaced by the children of the northern forests who were.”

  Thoreau~ Henry David Thoreau, Walking

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

 March 30

1867 … America signs a treaty with Russia, purchasing the Russian American territories (Alaska) for $7.2 million.

“Seward’s Folly”

  ~ Derisive phrase used by critics to describe U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward’s decision to purchase Alaska from Russia for the equivalent of 2.5 cents per acre.

     Alaska Purchase - Check

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

 March 25

1807 … British Parliament passes Slave Trade Act.

“I. ‘Whereas the Two Houses of Parliament did, by their Resolutions of the Tenth and Twenty-fourth days of June One Thousand eight hundred and six, severally resolve, upon certain Grounds therein mentioned, that they would, with all practicable Expedition, take effectual Measures for the Abolition of the African Slave Trade in such Manner, and at such Period as might be deemed advisable, And whereas it is fit upon all and each of the Grounds mentioned in the said Resolutions, that the same should be forthwith abolished and prohibited, and declared to be unlawful’;”

  ~ Slave Trade Act (citation 47 Geo III Sess. 1 c. 36)

     William Wilberforce

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

 March 23

1900 … Erich Fromm born

“Nationalism is our form of incest, is our idolatry, is our insanity. ‘Patriotism’ is its cult. It should hardly be necessary to say, that by ‘patriotism’ I mean that attitude which puts the own nation above humanity, above the principles of truth and justice; not the loving interest in one’s own nation, which is the concern with the nation’s spiritual as much as with its material welfare … never with its power over other nations. Just as love for one individual which excludes the love for others is not love, love for one’s country which is not part of one’s love for humanity is not love, but idolatrous worship.”

  ~ Erich Fromm, The Sane Society

     Erich Fromm

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

March 18

~ 37 bce ~

Caligula becomes Emperor of Rome.

 

“Let them hate us, so long as they fear us.”

 

Caligula 1  ~ Caligula

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

March 15

~  44 BCE  ~

        

The assassination of Julius Caesar

“Cowards die many times before their actual deaths.”
  ~  Julius Caesar

Death of Caesar   “Beware the Ides of March”

 ~ The Soothsayer, Julius Caesar, Act I, Sc. 2

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Knotty Knuggets

This Date in History

March 14

~ 1879 ~

Albert Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany.

Einstein’s Puzzle: … Who keeps fish?

Variations of this riddle appear on the net from time to time. It is sometimes attributed to Albert Einstein and it is claimed that 98% of the people are incapable of solving it. Some commentators suggest that Einstein created such puzzles not to test out intelligence but to get rid of all the students who wanted him as an advisor. It is not likely that there is any truth to these stories. Whereever this comes from, it is a nice riddle.

Let us assume that there are five houses of different colors next to each other on the same road. In each house lives a man of a different nationality. Every man has his favorite drink, his favorite brand of cigarettes, and keeps pets of a particular kind.

  • The Englishman lives in the red house.
  • The Swede keeps dogs.
  • The Dane drinks tea.
  • The green house is just to the left of the white one.
  • The owner of the green house drinks coffee.
  • The Pall Mall smoker keeps birds.
  • The owner of the yellow house smokes Dunhills.
  • The man in the center house drinks milk.
  • The Norwegian lives in the first house.
  • The Blend smoker has a neighbor who keeps cats.
  • The man who smokes Blue Masters drinks bier.
  • The man who keeps horses lives next to the Dunhill smoker.
  • The German smokes Prince.
  • The Norwegian lives next to the blue house.
  • The Blend smoker has a neighbor who drinks water.

The question to be answered is:  Who keeps fish?

 

“Few people are capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions.”

~ Albert Einstein

 Albert Einstein 1

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